Saha, Sanjit and Jana, Milan and Samanta, Pranab and Murmu, Naresh Chandra and Kim, Nam Hoon and Kuila, Tapas and Lee, Joong Hee (2014) Hydrothermal synthesis of Fe3O4/RGO composites and investigation of electrochemical performances for energy storage applications. RSC Advances, 4 (84). pp. 44777-44785.

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Highly porous nano-structured Fe3O4 particles were successfully prepared on the surface of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sheets through a one-step hydrothermal method. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscopy analysis (FE-SEM) confirmed not only the size and porous nature but also the formation of Fe3O4 and Fe2O3-based composites. XRD, FE-SEM and transmission electron microscopy showed the highly crystalline nature of the particles. The reduction of graphene oxide and the formation of a few layers of RGO were confirmed by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis. Electrochemical performances of the Fe3O4/RGO composite were evaluated with two electrode configurations using nickel foam as a material support as well as a current collector. The synergistic effect of RGO and the metal oxide were demonstrated in terms of enhanced energy and power density, excellent electrochemical cyclic stability and low IR drop. The specific capacitance of the Fe3O4/RGO composite was found to be ∼782 F g−1 at a current density of 3 A g−1. The improved electrical conductivity, nanometer scale particle dimension and formation of hierarchical networks with effective redox activity contributed to a remarkable supercapacitor performance.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Dr. Sarita Ghosh
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2016 09:43
Last Modified: 22 Sep 2016 09:43

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