Saha, Shouvik and Kurade, Mayur B. and El-Dalatony, Marwa M. and Chatterjee, Pradip K. and Lee, Dae Sung and Jeon, Byong-Hun (2016) Improving bioavailability of fruit wastes using organic acid: An exploratory study of biomass pretreatment for fermentation. Energy Conversion and Management, 127. pp. 256-264.

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Maximizing the bioavailability of fermentable biomass components is a key challenge in biomass pretreatment due to the loss of sugars during conventional pretreatment approaches. Pretreatment of fruit peels and wastes (FPWs) with dilute acetic acid assisted in maximizing sugar recovery. Optimized conditions (0.2 M acetic acid, 100 °C, 1 h) at 10% substrate loading resulted in enhanced sugar recovery from banana peels (99.9%), pineapple wastes (99.1%), grape pomace (98.8%), and orange peels (97.9%). These high sugar recoveries retained the high C/N ratios (41–47) suitable for effective bioenergy production through the fermentation of these pretreated biomasses. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicated considerable disruption of biomass structural integrity during acetic acid treatment, enhancing the surface area available for better microbial attachment. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) showed that the acetic acid pretreatment yielded only minor changes to the functional groups in the biomasses, strongly suggesting minimal loss of fermentable sugars. Thus, acetic acid pretreatment aids in enhancing the bioavailability of fermentable sugars from these FPWs biomass, enabling improvements in bioenergy production.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Biomass
Depositing User: Dr. Sarita Ghosh
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2017 13:10
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2017 13:10

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