Kumar, N. and Mohapatra, S.K. and Ragit, S.S. and Kundu, K. and Karmakar, R. (2017) Optimization of safflower oil transesterification using the Taguchi approach. Petroleum Science, 14 (4). 798-805 |.

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Biodiesel is an alternative renewable fuel which is produced by using biomass resources. Its physicochemical properties are close to those of the petroleum diesel fuel. This study highlights biodiesel production from safflower seed oil. The main aim of this experimental work is to optimize the process parameters, namely the methanol-to-oil molar ratio, catalyst concentration, reaction time and reaction temperature for biodiesel production. The Taguchi robust design approach was used with an L9 orthogonal array to analyze the influence of process factors on performance parameters. The results showed that the optimum yield of biodiesel was 93.8% with viscosity 5.60 cSt, with a methanol-to-oil molar ratio of 4:1, catalyst concentration of 1.5 wt%, reaction time of 90 min and reaction temperature of 60 °C. The catalyst concentration was found to be the most influencing parameter which contributed 51.1% and 50.8% of the total effect on the yield of biodiesel, Y 1, and viscosity of biodiesel, Y 2, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Optimization
Depositing User: Dr. Sarita Ghosh
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2019 06:54
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2019 06:54
URI: http://cmeri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/497

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