Maity, Ritwik and Chatterjee, Manosree and Banerjee, Anmol and Das, Amlan and Mishra, Raghwendra and Mazumder, Santasree and Chanda, Nripen (2019) Gold nanoparticle-assisted enhancement in the anti-cancer properties of theaflavin against human ovarian cancer cells. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 104 (109909).

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Redox-active quinones have been reported to show good potential for biological activities, while efforts are directed to explore the usefulness of these materials further in cancer management. Our previous study demonstrated that theaflavin and theaflavin-gallates (tea-extracted polyphenols) selectively induce apoptosis of tumour cells in vitro, but its concentration for showing half-maximal therapeutic response remains a matter of concern. In this report, we demonstrated that if theaflavin is conjugated with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to form a nanoconjugate AuNP@TfQ, its apoptotic ability increases significantly in comparison to the bare theaflavin (Tf). The nanoconjugate is prepared by following a one-step green synthesis ̶ a reaction between HAuCl4 and the aflavin at room temperature. AuNP@TfQ is characterized using particle size analysis, FESEM, UV–vis, FTIR, fluorescence, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopytechniques. We assume that the enhanced anti-cancer effect of AuNP@TfQ appears due to the facile oxidation of the pristine theaflavin to its quinone derivative on the surface of AuNPs. The presence of quinone motif in AuNP@TfQ induces an increased level of ROS generation probably through the depolarization of mitochondria and resulted in the caspase-mediated apoptotic cell death which may hold the potential for a “magic bullet”-mediated ovarian cancer treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Nano-technology
Depositing User: Dr. Arup Kr. Nandi
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2020 13:33
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2020 13:33

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